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Culture-specific programs for children and adults from minority groups who have asthma (Review)

Bailey, EJ; Cates, CJ; Kruske, SG; Morris, PS; Brown, N; Chang, AB (2009) Culture-specific programs for children and adults from minority groups who have asthma (Review). COCHRANE DATABASE OF SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS, 2009 (2). i-33 (35). ISSN 1469-493X
SGUL Authors: Cates, Christopher Joseph

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Background People with asthma who come from minority groups have poorer asthma outcomes and more asthma related visits to Emergency Departments (ED). Various programmes are used to educate and empower people with asthma and these have previously been shown to improve certain asthma outcomes. Models of care for chronic diseases in minority groups usually include a focus of the cultural context of the individual and not just the symptoms of the disease. Therefore, questions about whether culturally specific asthma education programmes for people from minority groups are effective at improving asthma outcomes, are feasible and are cost-effective need to be answered. Objectives To determine whether culture-specific asthma programmes, in comparison to generic asthma education programmes or usual care, improve asthma related outcomes in children and adults with asthma who belong to minority groups. Search strategy We searched the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, review articles and reference lists of relevant articles. The latest search was performed in May 2008. Selection criteria All randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of culture-specific asthma education programmes with generic asthma education programmes, or usual care, in adults or children from minority groups who suffer from asthma. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently selected, extracted and assessed the data for inclusion. We contacted authors for further information if required. Main results Four studies were eligible for inclusion in the review. A total of 617 patients, aged from 5 to 59 years were included in the meta-analysis of data. Use of a culture-specific programme was superior to generic programmes or usual care, in improving asthma quality of life scores in adults, pooled WMD 0.25 (95% CI 0.09 to 0.41), asthma knowledge scores in children, WMD 3.30 (95% CI 1.07 to 5.53), and in a single study, reducing asthma exacerbation in children (risk ratio for hospitalisations 0.32, 95% CI 0.15, 0.70). Authors' conclusions Current limited data show that culture-specific programmes for adults and children from minority groups with asthma, are more effective than generic programmes in improving most (quality of life, asthma knowledge, asthma exacerbations, asthma control) but not all asthma outcomes. This evidence is limited by the small number of included studies and the lack of reported outcomes. Further trials are required to answer this question conclusively.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This review is published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 2. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as new evidence emerges and in response to comments and criticisms, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews should be consulted for the most recent version of the Review. Bailey EJ, Cates CJ, Kruske SG, Morris PS, Brown N, Chang AB. Culture-specific programs for children and adults from minority groups who have asthma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD006580. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006580.pub4.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Medicine, General & Internal, General & Internal Medicine, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, INNER-CITY CHILDREN, EDUCATIONAL-PROGRAM, SCHOOL ASTHMA, INTERVENTION, MANAGEMENT, HEALTH, COMMUNITY, PARTNERSHIP, MORBIDITY, Adolescent, Adult, Asthma, Child, Culture, Humans, Middle Aged, Minority Groups, Patient Education as Topic, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Young Adult
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Population Health Research Institute (INPH)
ISSN: 1469-493X
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1 April 2009Published
Web of Science ID: WOS:000265200000014
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