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Risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in dogs and cats: a case-control study.

Soares Magalhães, RJ; Loeffler, A; Lindsay, J; Rich, M; Roberts, L; Smith, H; Lloyd, DH; Pfeiffer, DU (2010) Risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in dogs and cats: a case-control study. VETERINARY RESEARCH, 41 (55). ISSN 0928-4249 https://doi.org/10.1051/vetres/2010028
SGUL Authors: Lindsay, Jodi Anne

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Abstract

Risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in dogs and cats were investigated in an unmatched case-control study. A total of 197 animals from 150 veterinary practices across the United Kingdom was enrolled, including 105 MRSA cases and 92 controls with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) infection. The association of owners and veterinarian staff with the human healthcare sector (HCS) and animal-related characteristics such as signalment, antimicrobial and immunosuppressive therapy, and surgery were evaluated as putative risk factors using logistic regression. We found that significant risk factors for MRSA infection were the number of antimicrobial courses (p=0.005), number of days admitted to veterinary clinics (p=0.003) and having received surgical implants (p=0.001). In addition, the odds of contact with humans which had been ill and admitted to hospital (p=0.062) were higher in MRSA infected pets than in MSSA controls. The risk factors identified in this study highlight the need to increase vigilance towards identification of companion animal groups at risk and to advocate responsible and judicious use of antimicrobials in small animal practice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The authors, published by INRA/EDP Sciences, 2010 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any noncommercial medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Animals, Case-Control Studies, Cat Diseases, Cats, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Female, Great Britain, Male, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Risk Factors, Staphylococcal Infections, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Veterinary Sciences, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, risk factor, dog, cat, case-control study, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE, COMPANION ANIMALS, NASAL CARRIAGE, INTERNATIONAL MULTICENTER, VETERINARY PERSONNEL, PREVALENCE SURVEY, HORSE PERSONNEL, PET ANIMALS, TRANSMISSION, COLONIZATION
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Infection and Immunity Research Institute (INII)
Journal or Publication Title: VETERINARY RESEARCH
ISSN: 0928-4249
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Dates:
DateEvent
29 April 2010Published
Web of Science ID: WOS:000284063300001
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URI: http://openaccess.sgul.ac.uk/id/eprint/1099
Publisher's version: https://doi.org/10.1051/vetres/2010028

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