SORA

Advancing, promoting and sharing knowledge of health through excellence in teaching, clinical practice and research into the prevention and treatment of illness

Comparing primary prevention with secondary prevention to explain decreasing Coronary Heart Disease death rates in Ireland, 1985-2000.

Kabir, Z; Bennett, K; Shelley, E; Unal, B; Critchley, JA; Capewell, S (2007) Comparing primary prevention with secondary prevention to explain decreasing Coronary Heart Disease death rates in Ireland, 1985-2000. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 7 (117). ISSN 1471-2458 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-117
SGUL Authors: Critchley, Julia

[img]
Preview
PDF Published Version
Download (298kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether primary prevention might be more favourable than secondary prevention (risk factor reduction in patients with coronary heart disease(CHD)). METHODS: The cell-based IMPACT CHD mortality model was used to integrate data for Ireland describing CHD patient numbers, uptake of specific treatments, trends in major cardiovascular risk factors, and the mortality benefits of these specific risk factor changes in CHD patients and in healthy people without recognised CHD. RESULTS: Between 1985 and 2000, approximately 2,530 fewer deaths were attributable to reductions in the three major risk factors in Ireland. Overall smoking prevalence declined by 14% between 1985 and 2000, resulting in about 685 fewer deaths (minimum estimate 330, maximum estimate 1,285) attributable to smoking cessation: about 275 in healthy people and 410 in known CHD patients. Population total cholesterol concentrations fell by 4.6%, resulting in approximately 1,300 (minimum estimate 1,115, maximum estimate 1,660) fewer deaths attributable to dietary changes(1,185 in healthy people and 115 in CHD patients) plus 305 fewer deaths attributable to statin treatment (45 in people without CHD and 260 in CHD patients). Mean population diastolic blood pressure fell by 7.2%, resulting in approximately 170 (minimum estimate 105, maximum estimate 300) fewer deaths attributable to secular falls in blood pressure (140 in healthy people and 30 in CHD patients), plus approximately 70 fewer deaths attributable to antihypertensive treatments in people without CHD. Of all the deaths attributable to risk factor falls, some 1,715 (68%) occurred in people without recognized CHD and 815(32%) in CHD patients. CONCLUSION: Compared with secondary prevention, primary prevention achieved a two-fold larger reduction in CHD deaths. Future national CHD policies should therefore prioritize nationwide interventions to promote healthy diets and reduce smoking.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: PubMed ID: 17584932 © 2007 Kabir et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Coronary Disease, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Intervention Studies, Ireland, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, Risk Factors, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, RISK-FACTOR CHANGES, MORTALITY-RATES, DECLINE, HEALTH, CHOLESTEROL, POPULATION, METAANALYSIS, REDUCTION, SCOTLAND, PROGRAM
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Population Health Research Institute (INPH)
Journal or Publication Title: BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN: 1471-2458
Related URLs:
Dates:
DateEvent
21 June 2007Published
Web of Science ID: WOS:000248020900001
Download EPMC Full text (PDF)
Download EPMC Full text (HTML)
URI: http://openaccess.sgul.ac.uk/id/eprint/828
Publisher's version: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-117

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item