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Speckle Tracking Echocardiography: New Ways of Translational Approaches in Preeclampsia to Detect Cardiovascular Dysfunction.

Kräker, K; Schütte, T; O'Driscoll, J; Birukov, A; Patey, O; Herse, F; Müller, DN; Thilaganathan, B; Haase, N; Dechend, R (2020) Speckle Tracking Echocardiography: New Ways of Translational Approaches in Preeclampsia to Detect Cardiovascular Dysfunction. Int J Mol Sci, 21 (3). p. 1162. ISSN 1422-0067 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031162
SGUL Authors: Thilaganathan, Baskaran

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Abstract

Several studies have shown that women with a preeclamptic pregnancy exhibit an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. Animal models are essential to investigate the causes of this increased risk and have the ability to assess possible preventive and therapeutic interventions. Using the latest technologies such as speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), it is feasible to map subclinical changes in cardiac diastolic and systolic function as well as structural changes of the maternal heart. The aim of this work is to compare cardiovascular changes in an established transgenic rat model with preeclampsia-like pregnancies with findings from human preeclamptic pregnancies by STE. The same algorithms were used to evaluate and compare the changes in echoes of human and rodents. Parameters of functionality such as global longitudinal strain (animal -23.54 ± 1.82% vs. -13.79 ± 0.57%, human -20.60 ± 0.47% vs. -15.45 ± 1.55%) as well as indications of morphological changes such as relative wall thickness (animal 0.20 ± 0.01 vs. 0.25 ± 0.01, human 0.34 ± 0.01 vs. 0.40 ± 0.02) are significantly altered in both species after preeclamptic pregnancies. Thus, the described rat model simulates the human situation quite well and is a valuable tool for future investigations regarding cardiovascular changes. STE is a unique technique that can be applied in animal models and humans with a high potential to uncover cardiovascular maladaptation and subtle pathologies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: animal models of human disease, cardiovascular dysfunction, preeclampsia, pregnancy, speckle tracking echocardiography, 0399 Other Chemical Sciences, 0604 Genetics, 0699 Other Biological Sciences, Chemical Physics
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute (MCS)
Journal or Publication Title: Int J Mol Sci
ISSN: 1422-0067
Language: eng
Dates:
DateEvent
10 February 2020Published
3 February 2020Accepted
Publisher License: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Projects:
Project IDFunderFunder ID
UNSPECIFIEDBerlin Institute of HealthUNSPECIFIED
765274Horizon 2020UNSPECIFIED
HE 6249/5-1Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschafthttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001659
PubMed ID: 32050556
Go to PubMed abstract
URI: http://openaccess.sgul.ac.uk/id/eprint/111673
Publisher's version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031162

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