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Neuroimaging in Functional Movement Disorders.

Roelofs, JJ; Teodoro, T; Edwards, MJ (2019) Neuroimaging in Functional Movement Disorders. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep, 19 (3). p. 12. ISSN 1534-6293
SGUL Authors: Edwards, Mark John James

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional movement disorders are common and disabling causes of abnormal movement control. Here, we review the current state of the evidence on the use of neuroimaging in Functional movement disorders, particularly its role in helping to unravel the pathophysiology of this enigmatic condition. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, there has been a shift in thinking about functional movement disorder, away from a focus on high-level psychological precipitants as in Freudian conversion theories, or even an implicit belief they are 'put-on' for secondary gain. New research has emphasised novel neurobiological models incorporating emotional processing, self-representation and agency. Neuroimaging has provided new insights into functional movement disorders, supporting emerging neurobiological theories implicating dysfunctional emotional processing, self-image and sense of agency. Recent studies have also found subtle structural brain changes in patients with functional disorders, arguing against a strict functional/structural dichotomy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Conversion disorder, Functional movement disorders, Imaging, MRI, Psychogenic, fMRI, Neurology & Neurosurgery
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute (MCS)
Journal or Publication Title: Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep
ISSN: 1534-6293
Language: eng
March 2019Published
12 February 2019Published Online
Publisher License: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
PubMed ID: 30747347
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