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Impact on and use of health services by international migrants: questionnaire survey of inner city London A&E attenders.

Hargreaves, S; Friedland, JS; Gothard, P; Saxena, S; Millington, H; Eliahoo, J; Le Feuvre, P; Holmes, A (2006) Impact on and use of health services by international migrants: questionnaire survey of inner city London A&E attenders. BMC Health Serv Res, 6. p. 153. ISSN 1472-6963
SGUL Authors: Hargreaves, Sally

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BACKGROUND: Changing immigration trends pose new challenges for the UK's open access health service and there is considerable speculation that migrants from resource-poor countries place a disproportionate burden on services. Data are needed to inform provision of services to migrant groups and to ensure their access to appropriate health care. We compared sociodemographic characteristics and impact of migrant groups and UK-born patients presenting to a hospital A&E/Walk-In Centre and prior use of community-based General Practitioner (GP) services. METHODS: We administered an anonymous questionnaire survey of all presenting patients at an A&E/Walk-In Centre at an inner-city London hospital during a 1 month period. Questions related to nationality, immigration status, time in the UK, registration and use of GP services. We compared differences between groups using two-way tables by Chi-Square and Fisher's exact test. We used logistic regression modelling to quantify associations of explanatory variables and outcomes. RESULTS: 1611 of 3262 patients completed the survey (response rate 49.4%). 720 (44.7%) were overseas born, representing 87 nationalities, of whom 532 (73.9%) were new migrants to the UK (< or =10 years). Overseas born were over-represented in comparison to local estimates (44.7% vs 33.6%; p < 0.001; proportional difference 0.111 [95% CI 0.087-0.136]). Dominant immigration status' were: work permit (24.4%), EU citizens (21.5%), with only 21 (1.3%) political asylum seekers/refugees. 178 (11%) reported nationalities from refugee-generating countries (RGCs), eg, Somalia, who were less likely to speak English. Compared with RGCs, and after adjusting for age and sex, the Australians, New Zealanders, and South Africans (ANS group; OR 0.28 [95% CI 0.11 to 0.71]; p = 0.008) and the Other Migrant (OM) group comprising mainly Europeans (0.13 [0.06 to 0.30]; p = 0.000) were less likely to have GP registration and to have made prior contact with GPs, yet this did not affect mode of access to hospital services across groups nor delay access to care. CONCLUSION: Recently arrived migrants are a diverse and substantial group, of whom migrants from refugee-generating countries and asylum seekers comprise only a minority group. Service reorganisation to ensure improved access to community-based GPs and delivery of more appropriate care may lessen their impact on acute services.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Hargreaves et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2006 This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Emergency Service, Hospital, Emigration and Immigration, Family Practice, Female, Health Services Accessibility, Health Services Needs and Demand, Hospitals, Municipal, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, London, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Primary Health Care, Refugees, Social Class, Surveys and Questionnaires, Transients and Migrants, Urban Health, Health Policy & Services, 1117 Public Health And Health Services, 0807 Library And Information Studies
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Infection and Immunity Research Institute (INII)
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Health Serv Res
ISSN: 1472-6963
Language: eng
29 November 2006Published
29 November 2006Accepted
Publisher License: Creative Commons: Attribution 2.0
Project IDFunderFunder ID
PDA/02/06/076Department of Health
PubMed ID: 17134491
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