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The history, evolution and basic science of osteotomy techniques.

Dabis, J; Templeton-Ward, O; Lacey, AE; Narayan, B; Trompeter, A (2017) The history, evolution and basic science of osteotomy techniques. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr, 12 (3). pp. 169-180. ISSN 1828-8936
SGUL Authors: Trompeter, Alex Joel

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Osteotomy techniques date back to Hippocrates circa 415 BC (Jones Hippocrates collected works I, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 2006; Brorson in Clin Orthop Relat Res 467(7):1907-1914, 2009). There is debate about the best way to divide the bone surgically and which technique yields the best bone regenerate in lengthening; ensuring predictable new bone formation and healing of the osteotomy are the primary goals. We review the history and techniques of the osteotomy and consider the evidence for optimum bone formation. Methods discussed include variants of the 'drill and osteotome' technique, use of the Gigli saw and use of a power saw. Differences in bone formation through the different techniques are covered.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Bone regenerate, Distraction osteogenesis, Drill and osteotome, Gigli saw, Ilizarov, Osteotomy
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Institute of Medical & Biomedical Education (IMBE)
Journal or Publication Title: Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr
ISSN: 1828-8936
Language: eng
November 2017Published
6 October 2017Published Online
19 September 2017Accepted
PubMed ID: 28986774
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