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Phylogeny within the Chondracanthidae (Poecilostomatoida, Copepoda)

Ostergaard, P; Boxshall, GA; Quicke, DLJ (2003) Phylogeny within the Chondracanthidae (Poecilostomatoida, Copepoda). ZOOLOGICA SCRIPTA, 32 (4). 299 - 319. ISSN 0300-3256 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00113.x
SGUL Authors: Ostergaard, Pia

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Abstract

The existing systematics of the Chondracanthidae is based predominantly on female characters and divides them into two subfamilies: Chondracanthinae and Lernentominae. Phylogenetic analyses using maximum parsimony were performed using 186 male and female characters. Different trees were generated when male and female characters were analysed separately. Differential weighting showed that the female characters were dominant but not to a great extent and subsequent analyses were run with both partitions combined. Different trees were generated depending on the character setting (unordered, ordered and irreversible-up). Interestingly, a basal backbone comprising the same nine ingroup taxa was present in all of the trees, although the sequence of those taxa could differ. Constraining the two subfamilies to be monophyletic caused the tree length to be increased and the Templeton and Kishino–Hasegawa tests showed the constrained tree to be significantly different from the unconstrained. The two subfamilies are considered invalid and Lernentominae Oakley, 1927 is formally synonymized with Chondracanthinae Milne Edwards, 1840. The validity of the Pharodidae was tested similarly. Pharodes tortugensis, representing the family Pharodidae, was always recovered nested deep within Chondracanthidae. The Pharodidae Illg, 1948 is therefore synonymized with the Chondracanthidae Milne Edwards, 1840.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Østergaard,P. ,Boxshall,G.A. and Quicke,D.L.J. (2003), Phylogeny within the Chondracanthidae (Poecilostomatoida, Copepoda). Zoologica Scripta, 32: 299–319 which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00113.x
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Evolutionary Biology, Zoology, EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, ZOOLOGY, INCONGRUENCE, CHARACTERS, Zoology, 0608 Zoology, 0603 Evolutionary Biology
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute (MCS)
Academic Structure > Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute (MCS) > Cell Sciences (INCCCS)
Journal or Publication Title: ZOOLOGICA SCRIPTA
ISSN: 0300-3256
Related URLs:
Dates:
DateEvent
1 July 2003Published
Web of Science ID: WOS:000183443300001
URI: http://openaccess.sgul.ac.uk/id/eprint/107113
Publisher's version: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00113.x

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