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Assessment and prevention of acute health effects of weather conditions in Europe, the PHEWE project: background, objectives, design

Michelozzi, P; Kirchmayer, U; Katsouyanni, K; Biggeri, A; McGregor, G; Menne, B; Kassomenos, P; Anderson, HR; Baccini, M; Accetta, G; et al. Michelozzi, P; Kirchmayer, U; Katsouyanni, K; Biggeri, A; McGregor, G; Menne, B; Kassomenos, P; Anderson, HR; Baccini, M; Accetta, G; Analytis, A; Kosatsky, T (2007) Assessment and prevention of acute health effects of weather conditions in Europe, the PHEWE project: background, objectives, design. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 6 (12). ISSN 1476-069X https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-6-12
SGUL Authors: Anderson, Hugh Ross

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Abstract

Background: The project "Assessment and prevention of acute health effects of weather conditions in Europe"(PHEWE) had the aim of assessing the association between weather conditions and acute health effects, during both warm and cold seasons in 16 European cities with widely differing climatic conditions and to provide information for public health policies. Methods: The PHEWE project was a three-year pan-European collaboration between epidemiologists, meteorologists and experts in public health. Meteorological, air pollution and mortality data from 16 cities and hospital admission data from 12 cities were available from 1990 to 2000. The short-term effect on mortality/morbidity was evaluated through city-specific and pooled time series analysis. The interaction between weather and air pollutants was evaluated and health impact assessments were performed to quantify the effect on the different populations. A heat/health watch warning system to predict oppressive weather conditions and alert the population was developed in a subgroup of cities and information on existing prevention policies and of adaptive strategies was gathered. Results: Main results were presented in a symposium at the conference of the International Society of Environmental Epidemiology in Paris on September 6th 2006 and will be published as scientific articles. The present article introduces the project and includes a description of the database and the framework of the applied methodology. Conclusion: The PHEWE project offers the opportunity to investigate the relationship between temperature and mortality in 16 European cities, representing a wide range of climatic, socio-demographic and cultural characteristics; the use of a standardized methodology allows for direct comparison between cities.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright: 2007 Michelozzi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Keywords: Acute Disease, Climate, Data Collection, Databases, Factual, Environmental Health, Environmental Monitoring, Epidemiological Monitoring, Europe, Humans, Interprofessional Relations, Mortality, Public Health, Research Design, Weather, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Environmental Sciences, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SCI, EPIDEMIOLOGIC TIME-SERIES, HEAT-RELATED MORTALITY, RED-CELL COUNTS, AIR-POLLUTION, HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS, CEREBRAL THROMBOSIS, EXCESS MORTALITY, BLOOD-VISCOSITY, GREATER LONDON, UNITED-STATES, Toxicology
SGUL Research Institute / Research Centre: Academic Structure > Population Health Research Institute (INPH)
Journal or Publication Title: ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
ISSN: 1476-069X
Related URLs:
Dates:
DateEvent
24 April 2007Published
Web of Science ID: WOS:000247334400001
URI: http://openaccess.sgul.ac.uk/id/eprint/107098
Publisher's version: https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-6-12

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